21. February 2022

Podman: Could not open ‘edk2-aarch64-code.fd’

It’s possible to use brew to install Podman on Apple Silicon (M1). The installation gets slightly more complicated when the user wants to use Homebrew installed in user’s home directory.

Problem #1 – gvproxy

Command:

podman machine start

Error:

Error: unable to start host networking: "could not find \"gvproxy\" in one of ....

Solution: add path to Podman’s helper binaries stored in bin and libexec to ~/.config/containers/containers.conf

[engine]
  helper_binaries_dir=["/Users/georgik.rocks/brew/Cellar/podman/4.0.3/bin","/Users/georgik.rocks/brew/Cellar/podman/4.0.3/libexec"]

Problem #2 – edk2-aarch64-code.fd

Command:

podman machine start

Error:

INFO[0000] new connection from  to /tmp/podman/qemu_podman-machine-default.sock
Waiting for VM ...
qemu-system-aarch64: -drive file=edk2-aarch64-code.fd,if=pflash,format=raw,readonly=on: Could not open 'edk2-aarch64-code.fd': No such file or directory
Error: dial unix /tmp/podman/podman-machine-default_ready.sock: connect: connection refused
ERRO[0003] cannot receive packets from , disconnecting: cannot read size from socket: EOF
ERRO[0003] cannot read size from socket: EOF

Solution: Open file ~/.config/containers/podman/machine/qemu/podman-machine-default.json and change to /Users/USERNAME/brew/Cellar/qemu/6.2.0_1/share/qemu/edk2-aarch64-code.fd

"file=/Users/georgik.rocks/brew/Cellar/qemu/6.2.0_1/share/qemu/edk2-aarch64-code.fd,if=pflash,format=raw,readonly=on"

After these changes Podman should start without problem.

1. December 2021

How to connect ESP32 as USB serial device to Linux in WSL2 on Windows 11

There is a nice article and video explaining how to connect USB serial to Linux in WSL2.

Just few details are missing. Here is the full list of steps necessary to flash ESP32 with FTDI from WSL2:

  • Install Windows 11, open Windows Update – join Windows Insider Program (Beta channel) – install updates, reboot machine
  • Windows Update – Advanced Options – check the option “Receive updates for other Microsoft products” – Back – Check for updates
  • Reboot or shutdown WSL2 images
  • start a new WSL2 image e.g. with Ubuntu 20 LTS, check that you have kernel 5.10: uname -a. It does not work on 4.x kernel from normal WSL2
  • install https://github.com/dorssel/usbipd-win/releases on Windows
  • in Linux – sudo apt install linux-tools-5.4.0-77-generic hwdata
  • in Linux – visudo
  • in Linux – prepend path Defaults secure_path=”/usr/lib/linux-tools/5.4.0-77-generic:
  • connect ESP device with FTDI in Windows PowerShell (administrator) type: usbipd wsl list
  • search for 5-3 USB Serial Converter A, USB Serial Converter B Not attached
  • type in Windows: usbipd wsl attach -b 5-3 -d Ubuntu
  • type in Linux:cd examples/get-started/blink; idf.py build flash monitor

Result:

I (263) example: Example configured to blink addressable LED!
I (263) example: Turning the LED OFF!
I (1273) example: Turning the LED ON!

3. November 2021

Pipenv on Windows fails AttributeError: ‘NoneType’ object has no attribute ‘version_sort’

There is an issue with Python Pipenv on Windows.

The command to open shell with isolated pipenv you can use command:

python -m pipenv shell

The command might fail on Windows with a strange error like this:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_3.9.2032.0_x64__qbz5n2kfra8p0\lib\runpy.py", line 197, in _run_module_as_main
    return _run_code(code, main_globals, None,
  File "C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_3.9.2032.0_x64__qbz5n2kfra8p0\lib\runpy.py", line 87, in _run_code
    exec(code, run_globals)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\__main__.py", line 5, in <module>
    cli()
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 829, in __call__
    return self.main(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 782, in main
    rv = self.invoke(ctx)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 1259, in invoke
    return _process_result(sub_ctx.command.invoke(sub_ctx))
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 1066, in invoke
    return ctx.invoke(self.callback, **ctx.params)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 610, in invoke
    return callback(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\decorators.py", line 73, in new_func
    return ctx.invoke(f, obj, *args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 610, in invoke
    return callback(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\cli\command.py", line 429, in shell
    do_shell(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 2356, in do_shell
    ensure_project(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 576, in ensure_project
    ensure_virtualenv(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 498, in ensure_virtualenv
    python = ensure_python(three=three, python=python)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 388, in ensure_python
    path_to_python = find_a_system_python(python)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 350, in find_a_system_python
    return next(iter(finder.find_all_python_versions()), None)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\pythonfinder\pythonfinder.py", line 328, in find_all_python_versions
    path_list = sorted(versions, key=version_sort, reverse=True)
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'version_sort'

The problem is caused by pythonfinder.py which is trying to locate a Python.

You can override the pythonfinder.py by explicitly defining the version of the Python.

Determine the version of installed Python:

python --version

Specify the Python version when starting the shell:

python -m pipenv shell --python 3.9.7

The Python environment should start correctly.

29. September 2021

Eclipse error AutoRegisterSchemeHandlersJob AppData\Local\Temp\jna Can’t find dependent libraries

Windows users might experience a very strange errors when starting Eclipse:

An internal error occurred during: "AutoRegisterSchemeHandlersJob".
C:\Users\Vrtižer\AppData\Local\Temp\jna--78847768\jna6432107568184066435.dll: Can't find dependent libraries

It’s possible to continue with the error, but the majority of Eclipse plugins won’t work.

When you look closely at the path you can see there is a special character in the word ‘Vrtižer‘. This special character with a combination of Windows feature ‘Use Unicode UTF-8 for worldwide language support‘ causes the issue.

There are several ways how to workaround the problem:

#1 Change the user environment variable TMP

Open Start, type: environment

Select Edit system environment variables

Click Environment Variables…

Select User variable with name TMP and change it to path without special character, the path must exist.

Click Ok. Start new Eclipse.

Note: the default values is

%USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Temp

#2 Remove the user environment variable TMP

If you do not have a special need for user-specific TMP, you can simply delete it. The system will default to System Temp.

Steps are the same as in #1, just instead of Edit, click Detete to remove the variable

Click Ok. Start new Eclipse.

#3 Disable Windows feature ‘Use Unicode UTF-8 for worldwide language support’

Open Start, search for Region settings, click Additional date, time & regional settings, click Change system locale…

Uncheck Use Unicode UTF-8 for worldwide language support, click Ok and restart the computer.

Note: disabling this setting might affect communication between PowerShell and Python scripts in the case of strings with diacritics.

Update: Issue reported to Eclipse.org.

21. September 2021

How to install Podman on Linux Mint 20

Podman binaries for Linux Mint / Ubuntu are hosted by OpenSuse.org.

You need to add the repository to /etc/source.list.d. Common instructions for Ubuntu might not work, because VERSION_ID for Mint is not the same as for Ubuntu.

Instructions for Linux Mint 20.2 from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:

export VERSION_ID="20.04"
sudo sh -c "echo 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/kubic:/libcontainers:/stable/xUbuntu_${VERSION_ID}/ /' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable.list"
sudo wget -nv https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:kubic:libcontainers:stable/xUbuntu_${VERSION_ID}/Release.key -O- | apt-key add -
sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y podman

Example of running container for IoT development:

If you’d like to develop for ESP32 chip connected to /dev/ttyUSB0 using C++ or Rust language, just start the container:

podman run --device /dev/ttyUSB0 -it docker.io/espressif/idf-rust-examples