24. March 2021

How to download binary file in Rust by reqwest

reqwest in Rust allows you to download file. The question is how to store the file on the filesystem. There are several examples on the internet where authors are calling .text() which will result in a corrupted file on the filesystem because text() is decoding UTF-8 characters.

Here is an example of how to download a binary file and store content in a file on the local file system.

File download.rs:

use std::io::Cursor;
type Result<T> = std::result::Result<T, Box<dyn std::error::Error + Send + Sync>>;

async fn fetch_url(url: String, file_name: String) -> Result<()> {
    let response = reqwest::get(url).await?;
    let mut file = std::fs::File::create(file_name)?;
    let mut content =  Cursor::new(response.bytes().await?);
    std::io::copy(&mut content, &mut file)?;

async fn main() {
    fetch_url("https://georgik.rocks/wp-content/uploads/sianim.gif".to_string(), "siriel.gif".to_string()).await.unwrap();

File Cargo.toml:

name = "download"
version = "0.1.0"
authors = ["Georgik.Rocks"]
edition = "2018"

reqwest = "*"
tokio = { version = "1", features = ["full"] }

name = "download"
path = "download.rs"

To build the example type following:

cargo run

4. August 2019

How to download invalid or self-signed HTTPS certificate without OpenSSL by using Google Chrome

When you need to acquire a public server certificate in PEM format from a web server and you do not have OpenSSL tools then you can use one “hidden” feature of Google Chrome.

Just open HTTPS URL in Google Chrome. You’ll see an error:

Your connection is not private.

Do not click on Advanced or Reload.

Just click letters NET::ERR_CERT_COMMON_NAME_INVALID and PEM certificate will appear directly in the browser.

Now you can copy PEM encoded chain and paste it to your text editor.

24. July 2019

Creating Python virtualenv fails with error: Could not find a suitable TLS CA

You can create Python virtualenv using command:

virtualenv -p /usr/bin/python3 py-env3

You may encounter following strange error:

  Collecting setuptools
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/share/python-wheels
OSError: Could not find a suitable TLS CA certificate bundle, invalid path: /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Error in sys.excepthook:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/apport_python_hook.py", line 145, in apport_excepthook
    os.O_WRONLY | os.O_CREAT | os.O_EXCL, 0o640), 'wb') as f:
FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/var/crash/_usr_bin_virtualenv.1000.crash'

The error message is not very clear. Problem is caused by ca-certificates and it could be fixed by command:

sudo update-ca-certificates

21. February 2019

How to run openSUSE for PowerPC64LE on CPU x86_64

First of all install required package for running ppc:

sudo zypper install qemu-ppc

Download the ISO built for PowerPC architecture (ppc64le). E.g. openSUSE-Leap-42.3-NET-ppc64le-Build0130-Media.iso.

Create file which will contain disk image:

qemu-img create suse.img 10G

Now, start the ppc64le virtual and boot from cdrom:

qemu-system-ppc64 -boot d -cdrom openSUSE-Leap-42.3-NET-ppc64le-Build0130-Media.iso -m 1024 -hda suse.img

After the installation you can simply run the installed system:

qemu-system-ppc64 -m 1024 -hda suse.img

Note: -m 1024 stands for “memory 1 GB”

20. February 2019

openSUSE firewall – YaST cannot continue the configuration

When you want to configure the firewall on openSUSE you can just type yast into the terminal.

Select Security and Users and from options select Firewall.

On fresh installation of openSUSE you might encounter following error:

YaST cannot continue the configuration
without installing the required packages.

The fix is simple, just install yast2-firewall:

sudo zypper install yast2-firewall

Now you can start YaST and the firewall configuration will work.