3. November 2021

Pipenv on Windows fails AttributeError: ‘NoneType’ object has no attribute ‘version_sort’

There is an issue with Python Pipenv on Windows.

The command to open shell with isolated pipenv you can use command:

python -m pipenv shell

The command might fail on Windows with a strange error like this:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_3.9.2032.0_x64__qbz5n2kfra8p0\lib\runpy.py", line 197, in _run_module_as_main
    return _run_code(code, main_globals, None,
  File "C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_3.9.2032.0_x64__qbz5n2kfra8p0\lib\runpy.py", line 87, in _run_code
    exec(code, run_globals)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\__main__.py", line 5, in <module>
    cli()
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 829, in __call__
    return self.main(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 782, in main
    rv = self.invoke(ctx)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 1259, in invoke
    return _process_result(sub_ctx.command.invoke(sub_ctx))
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 1066, in invoke
    return ctx.invoke(self.callback, **ctx.params)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 610, in invoke
    return callback(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\decorators.py", line 73, in new_func
    return ctx.invoke(f, obj, *args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\click\core.py", line 610, in invoke
    return callback(*args, **kwargs)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\cli\command.py", line 429, in shell
    do_shell(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 2356, in do_shell
    ensure_project(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 576, in ensure_project
    ensure_virtualenv(
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 498, in ensure_virtualenv
    python = ensure_python(three=three, python=python)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 388, in ensure_python
    path_to_python = find_a_system_python(python)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\core.py", line 350, in find_a_system_python
    return next(iter(finder.find_all_python_versions()), None)
  File "C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Packages\PythonSoftwareFoundation.Python.3.9_qbz5n2kfra8p0\LocalCache\local-packages\Python39\site-packages\pipenv\vendor\pythonfinder\pythonfinder.py", line 328, in find_all_python_versions
    path_list = sorted(versions, key=version_sort, reverse=True)
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'version_sort'

The problem is caused by pythonfinder.py which is trying to locate a Python.

You can override the pythonfinder.py by explicitly defining the version of the Python.

Determine the version of installed Python:

python --version

Specify the Python version when starting the shell:

python -m pipenv shell --python 3.9.7

The Python environment should start correctly.

20. May 2021

Xcode: How to quickly filter only errors from the build

The best software practice tells you that you should not have build warnings in the projects. It’s easier to spot a potential problem.

Sometimes it’s necessary to import larger portion of code which generates many warnings and it’s very hard to find the error which blocks compilation of iOS or macOS application in Xcode.

The quick way to filter out warnings and see only errors in Xcode is to click X icon at the bottom of Issue Navigator with the title “Show only errors”:

20. April 2021

How to statically link Rust application for Windows

Rust compiler can generate a single binary that contains all dependencies. This is a great feature for creating stand-alone tools or tools for containers.

There is one gotcha for Windows which does not appear on a developer’s machine. When you move the application to a brand new installation of Windows or you try to start the in Windows Docker Container which contains Windows for Datacenters the app won’t start.

Why? The system is missing Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable 2015-2019 (vc_redist) which you can download from microsoft.com.

It’s quite inconvenient to force the user to install the package in the case of a stand-alone Rust tool. The package installation even requires elevation of privileges.

The alternative approach to distributing vc_redist is to statically link CRT library into the application. It will result in a slightly bigger application around +100KB.

It’s necessary to tell rustc to perform static linking of CRT.

In the project create file .cargo/config.toml:

[target.x86_64-pc-windows-msvc]
rustflags = ["-C", "target-feature=+crt-static"]

Rebuild the application and the new binary is statically linked and can run even on Windows 8 without vc_redist.

The interesting part is how to determine the proper target name which is on the first line of the example configuration. Many examples on the internet are referring to target.i686-pc-windows-msvc which does not work. Use the following command to determine parts of the name of the target:

rustc --print cfg
target_arch="x86_64"
target_endian="little"
target_env="msvc"
target_family="windows"
target_feature="fxsr"
target_feature="sse"
target_feature="sse2"
target_os="windows"
target_pointer_width="64"
target_vendor="pc"
windows

The target name is composed of values on the lines above.

5. December 2019

Helm 3.x fails with Error: must either provide a name or specify –generate-name

If you follow tutorials on using Helm, it might happen that they’re outdated, because they’re targeting Helm 2.x.

Following command for install will fail with error:

helm install -n aks-georgik-rocks aks-georgik-rocks-chart
Error: must either provide a name or specify --generate-name

The fix is simple. The syntax for helm 3.x is following:

helm install [NAME] [CHART] [flags]

Just remove -n. The command will look like this:

helm install aks-georgik-rocks aks-georgik-rocks-chart

19. September 2019

Xamarin Visual Studio – Error ADB0020 Android ABI mismatch

Following error message might pop-up when you to run Xamarin app on Android:

Error ADB0020: Android ABI mismatch. You are deploying an app supporting ‘armeabi-v7a’ ABIs to an incompatible device of ABI ‘x86’. You should either create an emulator matching one of your app’s ABIs or add ‘x86’ to the list of ABIs your app builds for.

Here is how you can resolve it.

In Solution Explorer select your project.

Right-click and select Properties or press Alt+Enter.

Select Android Options, scroll down. In right bottom corner click Advanced button.

From the drop down menu select desired architecture, e.g. x86_x64.

Note: After changing any checkbox it is necessary to wait a bit so that Visual Studio syncs the preferences.

Now you should be able to run the project.